Selasa, 06 Februari 2018

The Basic Poker Glossary

Poker is a game with a long history. The shape and the concept of the game have both altered over the centuries, producing the family of poker games that exist today. As the game has been transformed from casino poker to poker online , and as it has developed into a wide range of different poker variations, the poker vocabulary of commonly used game phrases has also continued to expand. Like any game, poker uses its own particular jargon to describe the poker rules, the game's processes, and techniques and poker strategy that have been made famous over the centuries.

The poker dictionary is long and extensive. Some words pertain only to specific poker game variations, while others have fallen out of use or become obsolete. A cache of key phrases, however, does exist. Every poker player must know and understand what these phrases mean in order to fully participate in the game.

Ante: This is a mandatory bet used in some poker games that forces every player to contribute to the pot at the beginning of a game. It is commonly heard in the popular phrase, "Up the ante."

All-In: When a player bets all of their remaining chips on one hand.

Blind: Another type of mandatory bet that comes in two parts: small and big. The small blind is usually half the amount of the big blind. The blinds move around the table in a counter-clockwise direction starting with the player on the dealer's left.

Call: A type of bet that matches the current bet.

Check: The act of non-betting that a player may opt to do if no bet amount has been offered yet. It passes on the betting responsibility to the next player.

Community Cards: The shared cards dealt face up on the table that all players may use. Found in Texas Hold'Em poker and Omaha poker.

Flop, the: The first round in community card games that reveals the first three community cards.

Fold: To refuse to match the current bet and thus forfeit one's cards and exit the game.

Flush: Having five cards of the same suit.

Full House: A 5-card hand composed of a Pair and Three of a Kind.

No Limit: A poker gambling style that does not limit the maximum amount of a game's bets.

Pocket Cards (Hole Cards) : The first two or four private cards dealt to players when they play poker.

Poker Tournaments: A competitive series of poker games that eliminates players when they run out of chips.

Pot: The total amount of money a player stands to win at the end of a game.

Raise: When a player chooses to increase the current bet.

River, the: The last round in community card games that reveals the last community card.

Split Pot: When two players have the same final hand and must share the winnings.

Straight: 5 consecutive cards (e.g. 4-5-6-7-8).

Turn, the: The second round in community card games that reveals the fourth community card.

Jumat, 25 Agustus 2017

Impersecuto comes from the Latin 'persecutus'

Consultation:  Is there an "impersonal" word? If so, what is its true meaning? (Fabrizio Marcillo Morla, Guayaquil).

Answer:  A word exists or comes to life from the very moment a speaker or group of speakers utters or writes it.

Impersecuto is  not included in dictionaries. It is an old word that is used in the oral language of Ecuador, but it occurs in colloquial and little educated registers. It is not recommended for use in formal talks.

Usually denote that someone does not have the skills or abilities to perform certain tasks. It is also used to indicate that the interlocutor is stupid, clumsy, is lacking in lucidity or is indifferent to the issue being dealt with.

Likewise, it is used to refer to an impertinent person, who interrupts, does not collaborate, is conceited, disingenuous, defensive or who believes himself to be the owner of the truth, among other meanings.

Persecutory and persecutor
components  impersecuto  indicate that this voice came from the Latin  persecutus (persecutory) or  persecutor  (chasing). The meaning of the adjective  persecutorio , besides implying persecution, has the sense of persecutory mania.

That delusion or obsession, according to the meaning that is in the  DRAE, Is a "maniacal concern of being subject to the ill will of one or more persons". That is, the individual who has persecutory ideas believes that other people are chasing him, have him or are against him.
The adjective  persecutor  (also used as noun), instead, means 'persecutor'. Therefore, the persecutors do not feel besieged but they harass or annoy the subjects of their environment.

As the prefix  in - (before byp changes to im-) indicates negation, it reverses the meaning of the base word ( persecutus  [the persecuted]). Precisely in the prefix is ​​the key to its use: an impersonal person does not feel cornered or persecuted but believes himself to be self-sufficient and free. But Impersecuto  also has negative connotations, as we saw in the first few paragraphs. Its plurality of meanings is due to the opposing nuances that consist of the elements of its root.

Disabled or disabled?
United Nations standards suggest using the phrase "persons with disabilities". In Official Gazette no. 27, chapter II, art. 3, dated February 21, 2003, this recommendation is also made.

Therefore, in order to refer to this group, avoid words like the  handicapped  (which are worth less),  disabled  (who have no strength or ability),  invalids  (who have no value, neither strength nor intelligence),  incapacitated (Who do not have abilities or skills), as they are derogatory, pejorative or discriminatory.


SOURCES:  DICTIONARY OF THE SPANISH LANGUAGE AND NEW LEXICOGRAPHIC TREASURE OF THE SPANISH LANGUAGE, OF THE REAL SPANISH ACADEMY; Http://www.conadis.gov.ec; KEY DICTIONARY.